DOAJ APC information as of Jan 31, 2018

DOAJ 2018 APCs: an overview

by Heather Morrison

Abstract

The purposes of this small study are to determine the extent to which the longitudinal open access article processing charges (OA APC) project can rely on DOAJ APC data rather than individual journal lookup, to capture some highlights of DOAJ APC data as of January 31, 2018, and compare these with our 2014 survey of DOAJ journals charging APCs. Selected findings: 71% of the 11,001 journals listed in DOAJ do not charge APCs [emphasis added to avoid adding to conflation of OA with APC]. For most journals, a URL as to where this information can be found is provided, indicating that DOAJ staff have verified that there are no publication charges. 28% do charge APCs, and the remainder have no information on APCs. The average price converted to USD is nearly identical in 2014 and 2018, however the reader is advised to read the details and limitations, as this must be interpreted with caution. Of the 3,131 journals with APCs, 37 different currencies are listed. A few currencies dominate, particularly USD at nearly half of the journals. A breakdown of average prices and range of prices by currency are presented. The most remarkable finding is the range; on average the highest APC for a given currency is close to 4,000 times higher than the lowest APC. This tends to support our 2014 conclusion of a volatile APC market. In conclusion, DOAJ metadata is very useful for the OA APC study, and in particular can be considered a reliable source for journals with no publication charges.

Method

On January 31, 2018 the DOAJ metadata set was downloaded from https://doaj.org/faq#metadata, saved in .csv format, opened in Open Office in Unicode to retain non-English characters, and saved as .ods and .xls. The excel file is used for data processing, and the other formats are retained as backups. APC amounts were converted to USD using the XE currency converter web service * as of January 31, 2018, the date of data collection.

Results

As of January 31, 2018, the DOAJ metadata file included 11,001 journals. DOAJ now includes some ceased journals, for example the Hindawi ISRN series which has been collapsed into a single journal, a good practice because content in these journals is still valuable and should not be removed from the primary journal directory in the area of open access. However, there is no indication in the metadata regarding ceased journals; although the vast majority are still active, the actual number of active journals listed in DOAJ does not appear to be possible to discern.

Of the 11,001 journals, the response to the question: “Does the journal have article processing charges?” (Journal article processing charges is the column name in the metadata spreadsheet) is:

  Number of journals % of total (rounded)
No 7,766 71%
Yes 3,131 28%
No information 104 1%
Total 11,001 100%

Of the 7, 766 journals indicating “no” to the APC question, 7,438 have a URL listed in the column “APC information URL”. According to DOAJ Operations Manager Dominic Mitchell (2018), when a URL is listed in this column, it means that DOAJ staff have verified the information. This means that when DOAJ metadata says “no” to the APC question and an “APC information URL” is listed, one can be quite confident that the journal does not have an APC, at least not at the time of checking. That’s 68% of the total journals listed in DOAJ that have been vetted and found not to have publication charges. For the purposes of the longitudinal study, these journals will be identified as “no publication charge” for 2018. A random sampling of these journals might be advisable in the future to view whether APC charging status has changed.

In response to the question, “Does the journal have article submission charges?” there were 212 “yes” responses, a bit less than 2% of the journals listed in DOAJ. All journals with submission charges also have APCs listed. Submission charge data are noted for the purpose of completeness; they are not considered in the following results and discussion, as there is no indication in DOAJ as to whether submission charges are deducted from the APC if an article is accepted for publication.

Currency

Of the 3,131 journals listed as having an APC, a total of 37 currencies are listed. USD accounts for nearly half of the total. USD, GBP, and EUR together account for about 80% of the total. Chart 1 below illustrates the frequency of currencies representing over 1% of the total APC-charging journals.

Chart 1: APC charging journals in DOAJ January 2018 by currency
Table 1 below lists APC averages, range, and range ratio by currency. The range ratio is included to illustrate the wide spread of APCs within currencies. No range is provided by currencies with just one journal. The average range ratio is 3,781; in other words, on average the highest APC for a given currency is close to 4,000 times higher than the lowest APC. The range in USD is $1 – $5,000. In EUR, it’s 10 – 3,300.

DOAJ APC-charging journals as of January 31, 2018    
APC average, range and range ratio by currency      
Currency # journals APC average Range – low Range – high Range ratio high / low
ARS – Argentine Peso 6 2,504 26 5,000 192
AUD – Australian Dollar 6 460 120 2,000 17
BRL – Brazilian Real 57 540 12 3,000 250
CAD – Canadian Dollar 3 327 30 750 25
CHF – Swiss Franc 116 710 156 2,080 13
CNY – Yuan Renminbi 22 1,583 100 4,900 49
COP – Colombian Peso 2 90,000 30,000 150,000 5
CZK – Czech Koruna 1 8,000      
EGP – Egyptian Pound 4 1,288 750 2,000 3
EUR – Euro 465 581 10 3,300 330
GBP – Pound Sterling 467 1,272 100 3,150 32
IDR – Rupiah 219 568,842 50 5,000,000 100,000
INR – Indian Rupee 23 4,030 50 17,500 350
IQD – Iraqi Dinar 6 43,363 50 125,000 2,500
IRR – Iranian Rial 34 5,916,176 250 150,000 600
JPY – Yen 6 98,333 5,000 135,000 27
KRW – Won 8 221,500 42,000 300,000 7
KZT – Tenge 1 2,000      
MDL – Moldovan Leu 5 250 250 250 1
MXN – Mexican Peso 4 2,070 150 5,600 37
MYR – Malaysian Ringgit 1 250      
NGN – Naira 2 5,500 5,000 6,000 1
Currency # journals APC average Range – low Range – high Range ratio high / low
NOK – Norwegian Krone 5 9,800 4,000 14,000 4
PKR – Pakistan Rupee 3 1,667 1,000 3,000 3
PLN – Zloty 21 531 40 1,230 31
RON – New Romanian Leu 3 217 150 300 2
RSD – Serbian Dinar 1 15,000      
RUB – Russian Ruble 16 6,359 300 19,000 63
SAR – Saudi Riyal 1 1,093      
THB – Baht 1 243 120 450 4
TRY – Turkish Lira 4 2,500      
TWD – New Taiwan Dollar 3  2,333 1,000 3,000 3
UAH – Hryvnia 33 542 40 2,000 50
USD – US Dollar 1,539 1,035 1 5,000 5,000
VEF – Bolivar 1 7,500      
XAF – CFA Franc BEAC 1 100,000      
ZAR – Rand 41 4,776 200 10,550 53
Total (journals); average (range ratio) 3,131       3,781

Table 1. APC average, range and range ratio by currency

Average APC in USD

The average APC in USD was $937; the median (mid-point) and mode (most common APC) were both $600.

In comparison with our 2014 survey of journals listed in DOAJ with APCs (Morrison et al, 2015):

  • the percentage of journals listed in DOAJ that charge APCs is nearly identical (26% in 2014, 28% in 2018)
  • the average (mean) APC in USD is nearly identical $964 in 2014 versus $937 in 2018 (see limitations)
  • the mode (most common) APC was reported as $0 in 2014 and is $600 USD in 2018 (see limitations)

The wide range of APC within most currencies lends support to the conclusion of our 2014 APC survey (Morrison et al, 2015) that the APC market at the current time is volatile. This makes prediction of future trends, necessary for budgeting purposes for those support this model, difficult.

Limitations

2014 data is drawn from publisher websites rather than DOAJ. The finding of a mode of $0 in 2014 was based on inclusion of APC-based publishers who are planning to charge APCs, but had not yet begun to do so. In 2018, it is not clear how or if this model would be captured by DOAJ metadata. For this reason, the significance of the difference in mode and the near identical APC amounts in USD should be interpreted with caution.

DOAJ metadata on APCs reflects a necessary simplification of complex data. DOAJ has 2 fields for publication costs, APC and submission fees, and one currency listing. However there are a wide variety of publication fee models in use, including per-page rather than per-article costs. Many journals still publish in print and have print-based publication costs such as extra charges for images and/or colour. Multiple prices including pricing in different currencies is common, as is different pricing based on such factors as type or length of article, discounts for developing countries, for society or institutional members; the wide variety of models was covered in some detail in Morrison et al. (2015). It is not clear how often DOAJ metadata on APC amounts is updated, and there could be differences between journals and publishers with respect to the frequency of updates. For this reason collecting data from journal and publisher websites will continue to be necessary for the OA APC project.

* in previous years Bank of Canada rates were used, however currently currency conversion options for previous years seem to be limited.

References

Mitchell, D. (2018). Personal e-mail. February 2, 2018

Morrison, H.; Salhab, J.; Calvé-Genest, A.; Horava, T. (2015). Open Access Article Processing Charges: DOAJ Survey May 2014. Publications 3, 1-16.

Biographical information and acknowledgements

Heather Morrison is an Associate Professor at the University of Ottawa’s School of Information Studies http://arts.uottawa.ca/sis/ and Principal Investigator of the Sustaining the Knowledge Commons (SKC) sustainingknowledgecommons.org research program sponsored by Canada’s Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) via an Insight Grant (2016 – 2021). Heather is an open access advocate, and the purpose of the SKC project is to facilitate the economics of transition of scholarly publishing to support a sustainable global open access knowledge commons. Thanks to the SKC and DOAJ teams who do most of the work that makes this research possible.

To download a PDF version:

DOAJ 2018 overview blogpost

 

Springer Nature

Springer Nature 2017 APC Report

Springer Nature was formed in 2015 through the merger of Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, Macmillan Education and Springer Science+Business Media. The company is a leading global research, educational and professional publisher. It describes itself as “the publisher of the world’s most influential journals and a pioneer in the field of open research”. It claims to have over 3000 journals and 7 million articles.

The company offers three publishing platforms; SpringerLink.com, Nature.com and open access journals BioMed Central (BMC) and Springer Open platforms.

Analysis of 2017 open access journals does not reveals major changes in reported APC, except for Nature Research open access journals where 22 journals saw reduction in APC and one reported an increase. Average APC at Nature Research was $3103.00 a decrease of 11% from 2016. BioMed central APC increased on 4 journals and decreased on two journals, with average APC of $2189.00. Springer Open APC saw an increase on 8 journals and decrease on one journal with average APC stand at $1301.00

Average APC 2017

In 2017, Nature Research added 4 new journals and removed 2 journals. BioMed Central added 15 new journals and removed 17, while Springer Open added 12 new journals and removed 20. Over 40% of Springer Open journals are fully sponsored.

Number of Journal

Nature Research open access journals 2017

(http://www.nature.com/openresearch/publishing-with-npg/nature-journals/

On April 30th, 2017, the webpage listed 87 journals under four categories: Multidisciplinary (3), Nature Partner Journals (25), Academic and Society Journals (20), Journals with hybrid open access options (39). APCs for all journals were posted in US dollar, British Pound and European Euro.

For consistency purpose, we compared journals from the first three categories (48) with journals from the same categories analysed in 2016 (46). Journals with hybrid open access were not compared. Our APCs comparison was based on US Dollar.

Findings:

  • 4 new journals were added in 2017 to Nature Partner Journals category
  • 2 Journals were removed in 2017 from Academic and Society journals category
  • APC increased on one journal in 2017
  • APC decreased on 22 journals
  • APC remained the same for 20 journals
  • Lowest APC:       US$ 1350.00 for Scientific Data (same as in 2016)
  • Highest APC:      US$ 5200.00 for Nature Communications (same as in 2016)
  • Average APC:     US$ 3103.00 (Decreased by 11% from 2016)

The chart below shows a sample of the journals that were compared.

Nature Research OA 2017 APCs

BioMed Central 2017

https://www.biomedcentral.com/journals

On April 4th, 2017, BioMed Central listed 305 open access journals on its website under 14 categories: Biomedicine, Chemistry, Dentistry, Education, Engineering, Environment, Life Sciences, Materials Sciences, Mathematics, Medicine & Public Health, Pharmacy, Philosophy, Physics and Psychology.

The 2017 journals APCs were compared with the 2016 list consisting of 306 journals. APCs were posted in US Dollar, British Pound and European EURO. Our comparison is based on the posted US Dollar.

Findings:

  • 15 New journals were added in 2017
  • 17 Journals from 2016 are removed from 2017 list
  • APC increased for 4 journals
  • APC Decreased for two journals
  • APC remained constant on remaining journals
  • APC for 3 journals were removed in 2017
  • APC for 3 journals were added in 2017
  • APC for 3 journals were increased in 2017 and posted in Euro only
  • One journal posted no APC
  • Lowest APC:       US$ 860.00
  • Highest APC:      US$ 2975.00
  • Average APC:     US$ 2189.00

BMC 2017 APCs

The chart below shows a sample of the BMC journals that were compared.

BMC 2017 APCS in Posted currencies

Springer Open 2017

https://www.springeropen.com/journals

SpringerOpen listed 228 journals on its website under 26 categories: Biomedicine, Business and Management, Chemistry, Computer Science, Criminology and Criminal Justice, Dentistry, Earth Sciences, Economics, Education, Energy, Engineering, Environment, Geography, History, Law, Life Sciences, Linguistics, Materials Science, Mathematics, Medicine & Public Health, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Social Sciences, and Statistics.

The 2017 posted APCs were compared with 2016 APCs. APCs were posted in three currencies; British Pound, US dollar and European Euro. We performed the analysis using the US dollar currency.

Findings:

  • 12 new journals were added in 2017
  • 20 journals existed in 2016 are not included in 2017 list
  • APCs increased for 8 journals
  • APCs decreased for one Journal
  • APCs remained constant on 114 Journals
  • APCs was added to 5 journals in 2017 that had no APC in 2016
  • APCs were removed in 2017 from 3 journals that had APC value in 2016
  • 98 journals are fully sponsored (42.9%)
  • Lowest APC:       US$ 645.00
  • Highest APC:      US$ 2500.00
  • Average APC:     US$ 1301.00

Spinger Open 2017 APCs

Chart below represent a sample of Springer Open 2017 APCs in posted currencies

Sample of Springer Open 2017

Elsevier: libre accès et droit d’auteur

Résumé

À partir de la liste des frais de publication (APC) des revues publiées en libre accès complet par Elsevier, nous avons extrait les 282 revues ne chargeant pas d’APC pour en analyser les composantes liées au droit d’auteur. Nous avons établi que 94% de notre corpus était commandité par une société ou une université. Nous avons aussi découvert que dans 76% des cas, les droits d’auteurs revenaient au sponsor de la revue (société ou université), dans 10% à l’auteur, dans 3% des cas à Elsevier. Enfin, nous avons établi que la licence de droit d’auteur la plus revendiquée est la CC BY-NC-ND (201 sur 282).

 

À partir de la liste des frais de publication des revues publiées en libre accès ou en format hybride téléchargée sur le site d’Elsevier le 11 février 2017 (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/pricing)*, nous avons extrait les revues ne chargeant pas de frais de publication (APC) pour en analyser les mentions de droit d’auteur et leurs implications. Notre corpus est composé de 282 revues.

D’abord, parmi les 282 revues en libre accès complet ne chargeant pas d’APC, 94% (tableau 1) indiquaient, sur leur fiche descriptive, disponible sur le site internet d’Elsevier, une mention claire de sponsorship par une société ou une université. 6% d’entre elles ne portaient pas d’indication portant sur un parrainage par une société ou une université.

Tableau 1

2017-07-04_14-43-29

Parmi les 282 revues en libre accès complet ne chargeant pas d’APC, les entités présumées conservant les droits d’auteur se divisent ainsi (voir aussi tableau 2) :

  • 76% : les universités ou les sociétés (8% autres : possiblement les universités ou sociétés)
  • 10% : les auteurs (les composantes de l’attribution du droit d’auteur aux auteurs d’articles demeurent nébuleuses. Pour plus d’information, voir Morrison, H. (2017). Elsevier: among the world’s largest open access publishers as of 2016. https://ruor.uottawa.ca/handle/10393/35779)
  • 3% : Elsevier (1 revue portait une mention de droit d’auteur conjointe aux commanditaires et à Elsevier)
  • 3% : Information non trouvée, non spécifiée ou incertaine

Tableau 2

2017-07-04_14-44-14

Enfin, bien que la majorité des revues de notre corpus (201) publient les articles sous la licence CC BY-NC-ND (qui est la plus contraignante des licences Creative Commons, voir https://creativecommons.org/licenses/?lang=fr ), certaines revues (4) emploient la plus permissive des licences, la CC BY, alors que d’autres (37) indiquent la mention All rights reserved**. Nous n’avons pas été en mesure de trouver l’information portant sur la licence de droit d’auteur pour 40 revues (non spécifié, non trouvé, incertain). Voir tableau 3.

Tableau 3

2017-07-04_14-45-07

À noter qu’entre le 11 février et le 8 avril 2017, le nombre de revues en libre accès complet compilé par Elsevier sur une liste comprenant aussi les prix des frais de publication a diminué de 38 titres. Nous avons déterminé que dans le cas de 12 revues, ces dernières avaient été transférées de nouveau au détenteur des droits (la société ou l’université). Dans un cas, la revue a été transférée à un autre éditeur, Wolters Kluwer. Une revue n’est plus publiée. Les 12 revues dont le contrôle a été repris par la société ou l’université appuient l’argument de Morrison (2017) indiquant qu’il y a un bénéfice à la rétention des droits pour l’université ou la société. Comme le mentionne Morrison :

« Some OA activists will be disappointed in the society ownership of copyright of many of Elsevier’s Open Access journals. I see this as healthy. The alternative is likely not a vision of pure creative commons licensing with only attribution to the author; the alternative seems to be more likely to be Elsevier copyright retention. Societies and institutions that retain their copyright are free to seek alternative hosts or partners whenever their contracts with Elsevier come up for renewal. »

(H. Morrison (2017). From the Field: Elsevier as an Open Access Publisher. The Charleston Advisor 18(3), pp. 53-59(7) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/charleston/chadv/2017/00000018/00000003/art00014)

*Cette liste est modifiée fréquemment sans préavis.

** Nous nous contentons ici d’indiquer les mentions de droits d’auteur retrouvées sur le site internet Elsevier, le site internet Science Direct sur lequel sont diffusées plusieurs revues sous contrat avec Elsevier, et sur les articles publiés par ces revues. La question demeure toutefois beaucoup plus complexe qu’elle n’y paraît.

Copernicus APCs 2017: mostly stable, some new APCs, one price increase

Most of Copernicus’ 52 journals have not changed in price since 2016, and many indicate that the current price has been in place for several years.

4 journals have either clarified pricing, introduced an APC, or increased in price since 2016:

Annales Geophysicae increased their per-page price from 45 to 60 EUR in January 2017 (33% increase)

Archives of Animal Breeding waived fees in 2016 but now charges 55 EUR per page.

Earth System Dynamics: price information was not found in 2016, as of today indicates a cost of 50 EUR per page as of July 2017.

Wind Energy Science waived fees in 2016 but now charges 69 EUR per page, since Nov. 2, 2016.

7 Copernicus journals indicate that the cost is “currently waived”, hence presumably plan to introduce page charges in future: Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography, Earth System Science Data, Geographica Helvetica (subsidized by Swiss Academy of Science), Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems, SOIL, and Web Ecology.

Only 1 Copernicus journal, Scientific Drilling, is “free of charge”, sponsored by International Continental Scientific Drilling Program.

Hindawi: comparaison 2016-2017

 

L’éditeur Hindawi avait en 2016, 406 titres de revues alors qu’en 2017 il y a 339 titres de revues.Il y avait donc 76 revues qui était disponible en 2016 mais qui ne le sont plus en 2017. Cela représente près de 25 % et inclus une série complète

La moyenne des frais de publication en 2016 est de 802$ .Il y a cinq revues qui n’ont aucun frais publication en 2016 et pour la majorité des journaux les frais publication sont de 600 $ par article.

Tableau de la distribution des prix pour 2016

Screen Shot 2017-04-22 at 4.48.31 PM

En 2017 on remarque une augmentation de la moyenne des prix à 922$. Cette moyenne prend compte des nouvelles revues pour l’année de 2017 qui sont au nombre de 9. Cette année, la majorité des revues possèdent des frais de publication de 1000$ par article.

Screen Shot 2017-04-22 at 4.50.48 PM

La moyenne des titres qui sont restés inchangés entre 2016 et 2017 est de 910 $ et en moyenne, il y a une hausse de 0.13% des frais de publication.

Des revues qui existaient en 2016 et 2017, on peut remarquer que des 330 revues, il y a 65 revues dont les frais de publication ont diminués. Il y a donc près de 20% des publications d’Hindawi. De plus on remarque pour une grande majorité des revues les frais sont restés les mêmes. Soit 41% des titres n’ont pas augmenté. Avec ces chiffres nous pouvons déduire que seulement 39% de titres de cet éditeur ont subit une augmentation de leurs frais de publication.

Screen Shot 2017-04-22 at 4.54.55 PM.png

En conclusion, les prix pour cette maison d’édition ont dans la majorité des cas resté les même et que certaines revues ont même baissé leur frais de publication. Cependant, il faut noter le fais de certaine publication ont tout de meme augmenté puisque le mode en 2016 était de 600$ et qu’il est  passée à 1000$. Le mode est la valeur la plus réprésenter de la répartition. Dans l’ensemble,les prix reste stable.

Fréquences des pays et des devises dans: OA 2016 Main Publishers

Fréquences par pays

Cet article est le résultat de nos recherches dans la base de données 2016 OA Main DOAJ. Notre objectif est de présenter l’apport au niveau mondial et africain. 125 pays ont fourni 12037 revues. La contribution africaine est de 18 pays africains avec 235 revues. Nous avons calculé la fréquence et le pourcentage que représente chaque pays dans cette base de données. Nous avons aussi analysé les tendances des devises et les frais de publication qui ont été utilisées. De façon aléatoire, nous avons divisé les pays en 4 séries pour faciliter nos analyses. La première série est composée de 29 pays, la deuxième 30, la troisième 29, la quatrième 37. Trois pays arrivent en tête des fréquences (Brazil-1059 ; United States-1043 ; United Kingdom-749). Les plus faibles fréquences apparaissent une seule fois dans la série 1.

Les tableaux et les graphiques ci-dessous présentent les fréquences et le taux de pourcentage de chaque pays.

doc 1

doc1-1

seri2

seri 2

doc3-1

doc 3

doc4-1

doc 4

Frais de publication

Deux séries de frais de publication présentent notre analyse sur les dénominations attribuées aux frais de publication. Une première est composée de 7 catégories : No cost found, No publication fee, Title not Found, APPC, F(WC), cost not specified et Publication fee. La deuxième est composée de 11 catégories. Cette deuxième série regroupe les qualifications que des chercheurs qui ont exprimé lors de leur analyse de la base de données. Vu que certaines catégories répondent aux mêmes appellations que d’autres, nous avons décidé de les fusionner. Ainsi : See next phase of journal et predecessor now npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine sont fusionnées pour donner : predecessor now npj Primary… Formula based on work, cannot read (Chinese), cannot confirm due to language (Chinese only), conflicting information et coming in 2017 sont fusionnée pour donner Autres. Ceased publication in May 2016, ceased publication in 2014, discontinued, et active 2015 donne Title not found. Enfin, No publication fee et APPC, F(WC) pour donner No publication fee. Résultat, No Publication fee est le plus fréquent avec 7785 soit 65%. Publication fee obtient 27% avec 3260 fréquences.

Le tableau et le graphique ci-dessous dressent la liste de ces tendances.

Capture d_écran 2017-04-19 à 23.18.35

Tendance des Devises

Notre analyse montre aussi que la devise des États-Unis (USD) est la plus fréquente avec 1997 fois citées. Elle est suivie de celle de la Grande Bretagne (GBP) 415 fois. Nous avons trouvé 40 revues qui ont des frais de publication mais dont la devise n’y figure pas.

devies 1

devise-12

II-African Journals In OA Main 2016

Nombre de pays et journaux

Nous avons compté 18 pays africains dans la base de données de OA Main 2016. L’Afrique du sud possède 120 journaux, le Nigeria, 27 et l’Egypt 27. Nous avons exclu toutes les revues concernant l’Égypte dans la revue Hindawi ne sont pas comprises, parce qu’elles ont une origine autre que l’Afrique.

Les détails dans le tableau et le graphique ci-dessous.

devis 1

Les fréquences des pays qui sont cités sont répertoriées dans le tableau et le graphique ci-dessous.

africa1-2

Fréquences APC Afrique

Sur un total de citations de 221 fois. Les fréquences des frais de publication sont les suivantes : No publication fee est cité 113 fois soit 51%. APC fee est cité de son côté 68 fois soit 31%. Title no found 8 soit 3,5%, No cost found 23 soit 10% wt APPC 9 soit 4%.

Le tableau et la graphique ci-dessous décrivent les tendances.

apc afric 1

III-Conclusion

L’examen de la base de données de OA 2016 Main Publishers nous a montré que 125 pays on fourni 12037 revues. Le Brésil est 1059 fois plus fréquent et les États-Unis 1043 fois. L’Afrique a contribué pour 235 revues. Onze catégories de dénominations de frais de publication ont été identifiées. La devise des États-Unis (USD) y est citée 1997 fois. L’Afrique du sud totalise 104 fréquences et sa devise ZAR 30 fois. La participation de l’Afrique pour les revues sans frais est de 51% par rapport à sa contribution totale.

PDF de L’article

Frenquencies In OA 2016 Main Publishers

Taylor & Francis bought Co-Action Publishing

In the last year, Taylor and Francis announced that Co-Action Publishing will be part of their portfolio for 2017.

Caroline Sutton, co-founder of Co-Action Publishing is now the Head of Open Scholarship Development in Taylor & Francis Group. It appears that the journals that were published by Co-Action Publishing are now merged in Taylor & Francis’ brand and not as a separate imprint.

According to Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, Co-Action Publishing was publishing 34 journals and more than 2000 open access articles per year.

References :

http://taylorandfrancis.com/co-action-message

http://oaspa.org/member/co-action-publishing/