Temporary retraction March 22, 2017. My apologies, I for the 2010 data I used the figures for the original currency rather than USD. I will recalculate and re-publish in late March or early April. Thanks to Pierre de Villiers of AOSIS (see comment below) for alerting me to the problem with the data. Our 2015-2016 case study of AOSIS is available here.
Scientific Research Publishing
2017 sample (5 journals)
In brief: Scientific Research Publishing is not currently listed in DOAJ, but is included in the APC study as a publisher previously included in DOAJ and the longitudinal APC study. The publisher currently has 247 titles. A sample of the 65 titles for which we have data from previous years shows stable pricing from 2016 – 2017. All journals are active, publishing 4 – 14 issues and 13 – over 100 articles in 2016. Conclusion: this publisher appears active and stable. Our sampling for 2017 is limited to these 5 journals.
Full explanation and methods notes in PDF: Scientific Research Publishing
Download data in excel format: SRP_2017_plus_OA_APC_Main_2016sample
APC data is now available for over 12,000 journals with longitudinal data going back to 2010 for selected journals.
Summary description of the dataset from the documentation article (from the 2017 data documentation preprint)
This dataset includes information on open access journals derived from publisher websites and the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), developed as the base for a longitudinal study on the open access article processing charges (APC) method used by about a third of open access journals. In the APC business model, a payment is made, by an author, institution, or funding agency, for publishing an article so that the article can be freely available to everyone (open access). This dataset also includes 2015 APC data provided by Crawford , 2010 APC data provided by Solomon and Björk , a smaller set of pilot project data collected by the research team in 2013, and a fuller set of data collected on APCs by the research team in 2014 and 2015, as well as additional data relating to APC sub-model (e.g., variations in pricing, page versus article charges), analysis of publisher type, and a custom subject analysis. To date, these data were used as the basis for a 2014 DOAJ APC survey . This project received funding from Canada’s Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council under the Insight Development Grant program for 2014–2016 and is currently funded under an Insight Grant for 2016 – 2021. At present, there is keen interest from research funders, libraries, scholars, and publishers on the economics of transition to open access. This dataset will facilitate and speed up the work of other researchers, and this document describing the data is necessary to understand and analyse the data.
The 2016 dataset is now available for download here: http://dx.doi.org/10.5683/SP/KC2NBV
Here is another early result from the 2016 OA APC project. Of the 3,282 journals for which we have APC data, the average is $840 USD, and the media $600, illustrating a skew towards the low end of the price range. That is to say, half of the APCs are below $600. Excluding journals with an APC of $0 (journals that clearly use the APC model but are currently free to publish in), the average is $877 USD. This year’s average of $840 is $124 or 13% less than the average of $964 USD the team found in 2014. This finding should be interpreted with caution as pricing for specific journals may have increased substantially, with the global total offset by large numbers of journals that are small, new, or from the developing world with relatively lower APCs. The 3,282 journals are all journals for which we were able to confirm pricing and specify a particular APC. Journals using article page processing charges (APPC) are considered as a separate model and not included in this analysis. The full dataset and documentation are in progress.
The following chart and table illustrate the pricing by bands of $500.
|APC in USD by range by 500’s||# of journals|
|0 – 500||1,486|
|501 – 1,000||739|
|1,001 – 1,500||278|
|1,501 – 2,000||599|
|2,001 – 2,500||101|
|2,501 – 3,000||33|
|3,001 – 3,500||10|
|3,501 – 4,000||26|
|4,001 – 4,500||5|
|4,501 – 5,000||2|
|5,001 – 5,250||2|
|Total (missing one)||3,281|
First result from the 2016 OA APC study: of the 12,060 journals for which we have data for 2016, 7,786 are free to publish in (noted free in Crawford (2016)*, plus no publication fee (SKC team)). 3,510 or 29% have a publication fee (APC or article page processing charge, cost specified or not specified). 404 or 3% were “cost not found”, i.e. we could not determine whether or not there is a cost associated with publishing. 343 or 3% were title not found (titles might be discontinued or there could be technical issues with websites or connectivity). The 12,060 journals include journals whose publishers either are, or have been, listed in DOAJ, including titles from many publishers that are not currently listed in DOAJ. Dataset and detailed documentation are in progress.
* Thanks to Walt Crawford for providing open data for his Gold Open Access Jounals 2011-2016 dataset. Without this work it would not have been possible to expand the OA APC study from a sample of about a quarter of the journals listed in DOAJ to all of DOAJ and beyond. In particular, 7,040 of the journals confirmed as free to publish in are from Crawford’s work.
Crawford, W. (2016). Gold Open Access Journals 2011 – 2016. http://walt.lishost.org/2016/05/gold-open-access-journals-2011-2015-its-here/
By Victoria Volkanova and Heather Morrison
In a small, serendipitous, non-random sample of 170 Eastern European journals that were part of gathering data for the OA APCs project, we came across an interesting income model where the APCs are included in the annual conference registration. The journals seem to be closely associated with the scientific conferences organized by either universities or academic societies. Six (6) out of 170 journals (3.5%) use this model:
- Academy of Sciences and Arts of Republic of Srpska publishes a journal that is part of the International Scientific Conference “Contemporary Materials”. It charges no APC for articles, but 100 KM (Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark) per paper is included in the conference registration
- Wychowanie w Rodzinie/Family Upbringing *: APC is 100 EUR; for participants of the International Scientific Conference “Education in the Family” publication fee is part of the conference fee *Please note that on February 21st the journal’s website is no longer responding. We will verify the link in the next days and update the blog accordingly.
- Aerul şi Apa: Componente ale Mediului/Air and Water Components of the Environment: 100 EUR Conference Fee, includes APC for the conference proceedings
- Challenges of the Knowledge Society: 100 EUR Conference Fee, includes APC for the conference proceedings (CKS Journal)
- Proceedings of the International Conference Nanomaterials : Applications and Properties: 200 EUR Conference Fee, includes APC for conference proceedings
- Risk in Contemporary Economy: 300 RON Conference Fee (Romanian New Leu), includes APC for conference proceedings
The countries of origin of the journals are:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (1)
- Poland (1)
- Romania (3)
- Ukraine (1)
Their websites state that the fees for the publication in the conference proceedings or the journals are included in the conference registration. This is a model that looks like an APC but in fact isn’t. Other journals or conference organizers might consider this model as an alternative source of funding for scientific journals.
Morrison, H. (2017). From the field: Elsevier as an open access publisher. The Charleston Advisor 18:3, pp. 53-59 doi https://doi.org/10.5260/chara.18.3.53
Highlights of this broad-brush case study of Elsevier’s Open Access (OA) journals as of 2016: Elsevier offers 511 fully OA journals and 2,149 hybrids. Most fully OA journals do not charge article processing charges (APCs). APCs of fully OA journals average $660 US ($1,731 excluding no-fee journals); hybrid OA averages $2,500. A practice termed author nominal copyright is observed, where copyright is in the name of the author although the author contract is essentially a copyright transfer. The prospects for a full Elsevier flip to OA via APC payments for articles going forward are considered and found to be problematic.